Offenses Counted Under UAE Cyber Security Law
17 Cyber Offences and Penalties under UAE’s Law on Combatting Rumours and Cybercrimes
The Federal Decree Law No. 34 of 2021 on Combatting Rumours and Cybercrimes in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) brings forth a comprehensive legal framework to tackle the misuse of online technologies. This law outlines various cyber offences and corresponding penalties against individuals who engage in malicious activities. Here are 17 key cyber offences and the associated penalties under this law:
1. Hacking, Attacking, or Tampering with Government Information Systems and Data Penalty: Severe legal consequences for any person who creates or uses an electronic site or information technology means to hack, attack, or tamper with government information systems and data. The aim is to safeguard the security and interests of the UAE.
2. Disseminating False Information Penalty: Offenders who intentionally spread false information that harms the interests and security of the UAE face strict penalties. This provision helps combat the rampant spread of misinformation and fake news.
3. Creating or Modifying Robots to Distribute False Data Penalty: The law addresses the creation or modification of robots used to distribute misleading information. Such actions are prohibited, ensuring that accurate and reliable data is disseminated.
4. Falsifying Electronic Documents Penalty: Falsifying electronic documents is a punishable offence. This provision aims to maintain the integrity of digital records and prevent fraudulent activities.
5. Invading Others’ Privacy Penalty: The law criminalizes the invasion of privacy of individuals. Offenders who engage in activities that violate others’ privacy rights will face legal consequences.
6. Tampering with Medical Data, Bank Accounts, and Confidential Codes Penalty: Anyone found tampering with medical data, bank accounts, or confidential codes is subject to penalties. This provision ensures the protection of sensitive information and strengthens cybersecurity measures.
7. eBegging Penalty: Engaging in eBegging, which involves soliciting money or financial assistance through electronic means, is considered an offence. The law aims to prevent fraudulent fundraising activities.
8. Publishing Data that Does Not Comply with Media Content Standards Penalty: Publishing content that fails to adhere to media content standards is prohibited. This provision promotes responsible and ethical content creation and dissemination.
9. Creating Illegal Content and Refraining from Removing It Penalty: Individuals who create illegal content and fail to remove it when notified are subject to legal consequences. This provision encourages responsible online behavior and discourages the spread of harmful content.
10. Creating or Managing a Website for Promoting Human Trafficking Penalty: The law prohibits the creation or management of websites that promote human trafficking. This provision aligns with efforts to combat human rights violations and protect vulnerable individuals.
11. Transferring, Possessing, and Using Illegal Funds Penalty: Engaging in the transfer, possession, or use of illegal funds is considered a serious offence. The law seeks to prevent illicit financial activities and strengthen financial security.
12. Raising Funds Without a License Penalty: Raising funds without the necessary license is prohibited. This provision aims to regulate fundraising activities and protect investors from potential scams.
13. Blackmailing and Extortion Penalty: The law addresses acts of blackmail and extortion committed through digital means. Offenders who engage in such activities will face legal consequences.
14. Insulting and Slandering Others Penalty: Insulting and slandering others online is a punishable offence. This provision aims to prevent cyberbullying and protect individuals’ reputation and dignity.
15. Conducting Statistical Surveys Without a License Penalty: Conducting statistical surveys without the proper license is considered an offence. This provision ensures the accuracy and reliability of statistical data.
16. Promoting Demonstrations Without a License Penalty: Promoting demonstrations without the necessary license is prohibited. This provision aims to regulate public gatherings and maintain public order and safety.
17. Offending a Foreign Country or Religion Penalty: The law addresses activities that offend foreign countries or religions. Offenders will face legal consequences for engaging in actions that can strain diplomatic relations or incite religious tensions.
18. Promoting Firearms and Explosives Penalty: The law prohibits the promotion of firearms and explosives through online channels. This provision aims to prevent the spread of dangerous and harmful content.
19. Advertising Information that Misleads Consumers Penalty: Advertising misleading information that deceives consumers is considered an offence. This provision protects consumers’ rights and promotes fair and transparent advertising practices.
It is important to note that the penalties for these offences vary depending on the severity of the violation. The implementation of this comprehensive law demonstrates the UAE’s commitment to combatting rumors and cybercrimes, ensuring the safety, security, and well-being of its citizens in the digital age.