Cyber Security/Cyber Crimes

Understanding the Penalties for Collecting and Processing Personal Data and Information in the UAE

UAE Cyber Security

At, we prioritize the dissemination of accurate and up-to-date information to the public. As part of our commitment to providing valuable insights, we aim to explain the penalties associated with collecting and processing personal data and information in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This article will delve into the provisions outlined in Article 13 of the Federal Decree-Law No. 34 of 2021 on Combatting Rumors and Cybercrimes, shedding light on the consequences faced by individuals who engage in unauthorized data collection and processing.

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The Legal Framework

The Federal Decree-Law No. 34 of 2021 on Combatting Rumors and Cybercrimes plays a crucial role in safeguarding the privacy and security of Emiratis and residents of the UAE. It strictly regulates the collection, archiving, and processing of personal information and data through information technology or any related means. By adhering to the legislation, individuals can avoid severe penalties and contribute to the establishment of a secure digital environment within the country.

Article 13: Penalties for Contravention

Article 13 of the Federal Decree-Law No. 34 of 2021 explicitly outlines the penalties for individuals who collect, archive, or process personal information and data in contravention of the existing legislation. Such acts are considered a breach of privacy and can have detrimental effects on individuals and the society as a whole. To combat these offenses effectively, the law stipulates the following penalties:

  1. Detention: Those found guilty of unauthorized data collection and processing may face detention as a consequence of their actions. This serves as a serious deterrent against engaging in activities that compromise privacy and data security.
  2. Fines: In addition to detention, monetary fines are imposed on individuals involved in illegal data practices. The range of fines varies depending on the severity of the offense. According to Article 13, the fines can range between AED50,000 and AED500,000. It is crucial to note that the judiciary has the discretion to determine the appropriate fine based on the specifics of each case.
See also  Comprehensive Guide to UAE's Law on Combatting Rumors and Cybercrimes

Strengthening Legal Culture and Raising Awareness

The UAE Public Prosecution (PP) remains committed to fostering a strong legal culture among community members and increasing awareness regarding the latest legislations in the country. The explanation of penalties associated with collecting and processing personal data is one of the many initiatives taken by the Public Prosecution to enhance understanding and compliance with the law. By promoting legal literacy and encouraging adherence to data protection regulations, the UAE aims to create a safe and secure digital ecosystem for all its residents.


In conclusion, it is crucial for individuals in the UAE to recognize the legal provisions governing the collection and processing of personal data and information. The Federal Decree-Law No. 34 of 2021 outlines severe penalties for those who engage in unauthorized activities, such as collecting, archiving, or processing personal data in contravention of the law. By upholding privacy and data protection standards, individuals contribute to the overall well-being of the society and help build a trustworthy digital environment. The UAE Public Prosecution’s continuous efforts to educate and inform the public about these penalties serve as a testament to the nation’s commitment to upholding privacy rights and ensuring cybersecurity.

Note: This article is intended for informational purposes only and should not be considered legal advice. For specific legal inquiries, we recommend consulting a qualified legal professional.

See also  Comprehensive Internet Guidelines for UAE: Ensuring Compliance and Access


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